Map of Canada
composite 11 weightings donut chart Select Ottawa Select Montreal Select Quebec City Select Halifax Select Victoria Select Vancouver Select Calgary Select Edmonton Select Winnipeg Select Hamilton Select Toronto
Index base value of 100 = June 2005
Map of...
Land in square kilometers  
Population density (pop./km2)  
Number of occupied private dwellings  
Owned / Rented %  
One-family households  
Multi-family households  
Non-family households  
Average household income  
Aggregate value of dwellings  
CMA profile and table data are based on 2016 Census Data
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Teranet–National Bank House Price Index™

An independent representation of the rate of change of Canadian single-family home prices.
c11 weight
Post Category: Monthly Reports
January 19, 2022
Home price growth strengthens in December

In December, the Teranet–National Bank National Composite House Price IndexTM increased by 0.8% compared to the previous month, the second consecutive monthly increase. The December index was led by eight of the eleven constituent markets: Victoria (2.1%), Halifax (1.9%), Hamilton (1.2%), Montréal (1.1%), Québec (1.1%), Vancouver (1.0%), Toronto (0.9%) and Calgary (0.3%). Price decreases were […]

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HPIs in Canada -
How methodologies
impact results
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This whitepaper offers an overview of:

  • How HPIs are widely used to estimate and monitor economic activity in the housing sector;
  • Insight into the variety of methods for calculating HPIs;
  • How HPIs play a significant role in policy development, market and financial regulation for public and private organizations around the globe.
Post Category: Research
February 04, 2021
Rising home prices posing a challenge for affordability

Housing affordability in Canada improved in the fourth quarter of 2020, marking a third amelioration in a row. That said, the improvement this quarter was much less impressive. Higher incomes and record low interest rates were almost completely offset by a substantial rise in home prices. Indeed, prices for the national composite rose 4.5% in the quarter, the highest quarterly gain in 11 years. While a 29 basis points decline in our 5-year benchmark mortgage rate has helped keep housing affordable this quarter, the nearly 100 basis points decline for rates since the start of the pandemic is surely propulsion for the current appreciation in home prices. Although the confluence of all these factors has resulted in home affordability having never been better since 2015, there is another hurdle for potential homebuyers. The rise in home prices has translated into a higher down payment. At a national level, there has never been a worse time to accumulate the minimum down payment. Assuming a savings rate of 10% of total median household income, it would now take 60 months (5 years) to save for the minimum down payment (approximately 6%) on the representative home. Still, with interest rates unlikely to rise soon, vaccine rollout ushering a return to normal and market conditions in favour of sellers, home prices are on track to keep growing in 2021. As a result, affordability is likely to
deteriorate on both a mortgage payment as a percentage of income and down payment basis going forward.

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Post Category: News and Press Releases
January 19, 2022
Record growth in house prices in 2021

The Teranet-National Bank HPITM has seen record growth in 2021. Canadian house prices rose 15.5% year-over-year, breaking the previous peak reached in 2016, before macroprudential measures were imposed to calm the housing market. Price growth reached an all-time high in four of the eleven cities in the index: Halifax, Hamilton, Montreal and Victoria. Although record highs were not observed in Toronto, Ottawa-Gatineau, Vancouver, Quebec City and Winnipeg, price increases in these areas were very strong on a historical basis. Calgary and Edmonton had a less spectacular 2021 on a relative basis, but still recorded their best gains since 2014. The 2021 year also ended strong in December, as the composite index experienced a seasonally adjusted monthly increase of 1.1%, a stronger increase than the 0.6% increase recorded in November. This greater increase in prices coincides with the stronger pace seen in the resale housing market. Indeed, over the past five months, sales have increased and the inventory of properties for sale has remained very low, explaining the recent acceleration in prices. Given that the inventory of properties for sale is at an all-time low, it would not be surprising to see further increases in home prices in the coming months. However, the recent increase in mortgage rates and the increase we expect in 2022 should eventually dampen this appreciation.

January 2022

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