In August the Teranet–National Bank National Composite House Price IndexTM was up 0.6% from the previous month, a gain just short of the 22-year average of 0.7% for the month of August. If the typical seasonal variations are taken out (seasonal adjustment), the resulting index for August is by our estimate up 0.4%, following consecutive declines in June and July. The rise of the 11-market composite index was led by Victoria (2.3%), Ottawa-Gatineau (2.2%), Montreal (1.9%), Halifax (1.8%), Hamilton (1.6%) and Winnipeg (0.7%). Trailing the countrywide average were rises for Quebec City (0.5%), Vancouver (0.2%), Toronto (0.1%) and Edmonton (0.1%). The index for Calgary was flat from the month before.
Another sign of firming markets is the number of sale pairs entering into the 11 metropolitan indexes in August, only 1.3% down from a year earlier after three months of 12-month declines in excess of 20%. This development echoes the revival of homes sales reported by the Canadian Real Estate Association in June after severe slowdowns in previous months due to Covid-19. The catching up has intensified since then. The unsmoothed composite index for August would, if seasonally adjusted, be up 1.7% from July, suggesting that the uptrend of the published (smoothed) index could persist.
- Composite 11
- All Metropolitan Indices
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia
The August composite index was up 5.7% from a year earlier, an acceleration from July. The 12-month gain was led by Ottawa-Gatineau (12.6%), Halifax (11.1%), Montreal (10.1%), Hamilton (8.4%) and Toronto (7.3%). Lagging the countrywide average were Victoria (3.3%), Winnipeg (3.3%), Vancouver (3.2%) and Quebec City (2.4%). Down from 12 months earlier were Edmonton (−2.4%) and Calgary (−2.5%).
Besides the Toronto and Hamilton indexes included in the countrywide composite, indexes exist for seven other urban areas of the Golden Horseshoe – Barrie, Guelph, Brantford, Kitchener, St. Catharines, Oshawa and Peterborough. Indexes for all seven were up from the previous month and from a year earlier. The 12-month gains ranged from 5.7% for Guelph to 12.5% for Brantford.
Indexes not included in the composite index also exist for 13 markets outside the Golden Horseshoe. Seven are in provinces other than Ontario: Abbotsford-Mission and Kelowna, B.C.; Lethbridge, Alberta; Trois-Rivières and Sherbrooke, Quebec; and Moncton and Saint John, N.B. The August indexes for these seven markets were all up from the previous month and from a year earlier. The 12-month gains ranged from 1.0% in Lethbridge to 7.6% in Moncton.
The six Ontario markets outside the Golden Horseshoe are London, Kingston, Belleville, Windsor, Thunder Bay and Sudbury. Their August smoothed indexes were all up from both the previous month and from a year earlier. The 12-month advances ranged from 4.8% in Thunder Bay to 9.2% in Kingston.
As the table at the end of this report shows, the indexes of 30 of the 31 metropolitan markets surveyed were up on the month in August, the exception being Calgary. It was the strongest diffusion of monthly gains since 2009, i.e. over the whole period for which we have indexes for all 31 markets.
 The Teranet–National Bank House Price Index is based on the repeat-sales method, i.e. on the change in price between the two most recent sales of properties that have been sold at least twice.
||% change m/m||% change y/y||From peak||Peak date|
Economics and Strategy Group
National Bank of Canada