Post Category: News and Press Releases
August 14, 2018
Neither strength nor deep weakness

OPINION: The Composite index rose in July for a fourth month in a row, but these rises were all
below the historical average for these months. Indeed, after seasonal adjustment, the
Composite index was flat in July after a drop in June. The same phenomenon applied to
the Toronto index, where at the opposite of the published index, the adjusted index
declined over the last four months (left chart). The adjusted index declined over the last
two months in Vancouver. This means that the recent rises in these indices reflected
only seasonal pressures, not an underlying trend. For Toronto, the recent declines in the
seasonally adjusted index were due to the sub-index for dwellings other than condos,
down a cumulative 2.1%. Meanwhile, the condo index was up 1.6% (right chart). These
numbers are consistent with market conditions, tighter for condos than for other

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August 2018 (more…)

Post Category: News and Press Releases
July 12, 2018
In June, the index recovered the ground lost in H2 2017

OPINION: With June’s rise, the Composite Index just recovered the ground lost during H2 2017 (left
chart). Does this mean that the Canadian home resale market is about to enter into a
new frenzy? No. June’s rise in the index, impressive at first sight, was in fact weak for
this time of the year. Indeed, if the Index were purged from seasonal patterns, it would
have been about flat over the last three months (right chart). This means that apart from
seasonal patterns, the index merely stabilized lately. That being said, stabilization at a
high level might hide different price trends for different types of dwellings. Condo prices
have risen at a fast clip since the beginning of the year in Toronto and Vancouver (after
seasonal adjustment, 7.8% and 16.3% annualized respectively), while prices for other types
of dwellings held their ground. The resiliency of prices for the latter category of dwellings
is indeed reassuring in view of higher interest rates and stricter mortgage qualification
rules (B20) that dampen demand for the most expensive categories of dwellings.

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June 2018


Post Category: News and Press Releases
June 13, 2018
Teranet-National Bank HPI: The stabilization of home prices confirmed in May

OPINION: May’s rise in the Teranet-National Bank HPI confirmed the stabilization of home prices that took place since the end of last year, following a correction in H2 2017 (top chart). It is true that this stabilization was accompanied by a shift of price momentum in favor of condos in Toronto and Vancouver. Given the high price level for other types of dwellings in these cities, rising interest rates and tighter mortgage underwriting standards, this shift should not be surprising.  But fortunately, it did not result in an outright price decline for other types of dwellings in these cities (middle chart). In other regions covered by the Composite index, prices have regained most of the ground lost in Q1 (bottom chart). Given that interest rates are likely to continue to increase, a relapse of home prices over the next few quarters cannot be ruled out. But their resilience so far suggests that price declines would then be limited in scope.

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May 2018

Post Category: News and Press Releases
May 14, 2018
Moderate rise in the Composite Index in April

OPINION: After a difficult H2 2017, the Composite Index has stabilized in recent months (top chart). Moderate rises will likely continue to characterize the Composite index over the coming months, as conditions in the two major constituent home resale markets, Toronto and Vancouver, are now balanced (current active-listings–to-sales ratios close to their long-term average). Let’s recall that over the last two preceding years, conditions in both markets were very tight, triggering double-digit percentage increases in the Composite index on a y/y basis. We do not think that market conditions will deteriorate significantly from now on in both markets, as sales seem to have stabilized lately

201804 Report

Post Category: News and Press Releases
April 12, 2018
Composite Index flat in March

OPINION: Without Vancouver, the Composite Index would have declined in March and in 5 of the 6 preceding months (top chart). Speaking of Vancouver, inferring from Real Estate Board of Greater Vancouver data, seasonally adjusted home sales have declined markedly over the last two months and the listings-to-sales ratio, while still in the sellers’ market territory, moved close to the balanced market boundary (middle chart). This should translate into moderate increases in Vancouver’s Index over the next few months. Apart from Vancouver and Victoria, March indices were below their recent peak in all regions, but the decline was the most obvious in Toronto (-7.3% since last July). This drop was likely triggered by Ontario’s implementation of the 15% Non-
Resident Speculation Tax followed by stricter rules for qualification for a mortgage (B20) and a rise in mortgage rates. As a result, Toronto monthly seasonally adjusted home sales, which had averaged more than 9,000 units over the previous 24 months, fell to less than 7,000 units on average since last May (bottom chart). Following this change in home sales pace, Toronto home resale market turned from very tight to balanced. With the two most important Canadian markets now in balanced territory or nearing it, a soft landing is the most likely outcome for the Canadian residential market.

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Mar 2018_EN

Post Category: News and Press Releases
March 14, 2018
Composite Index relapsed in February

OPINION: The Composite Index relapsed in February, having lost ground in four of the last six months, for a cumulative drop of 1.9%. Moreover, over that period, indices declined in seven metropolitan regions out of 10. Excluding Vancouver, the Composite Index would have declined or stayed put in each of the last six months. Speaking of Vancouver, we estimate that home sales declined markedly in February. Therefore home price pressures may fade out in that area over the next few months, even if for the moment the home resale market remains tight. For Toronto, home sales declined in January and February after a rush in Q4. In February, we estimate that sales were at their lowest seasonally adjusted level since July 2010, with the active-listings-to-sales ratio indicating a 3- month supply, the highest since November 2012 and comfortably in the balanced territory. It therefore seems that the new stricter bylaws on qualification for uninsured mortgages together with increased interest rates are taking a bite at least in the two most unaffordable large markets in Canada.

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Feb 2018 TNB Monthly Commentary

Post Category: News and Press Releases
January 12, 2018
Vancouver the main driver of the Composite in December

OPINION: Without Vancouver, the Composite index would have declined for a fourth month in a row (top chart). The strength of Vancouver’s index is consistent with continued tight home resale market conditions. Toronto’s index declined for a fifth consecutive month, but the unsmoothed index (see note on methodology on next page) rose for a second month in a row (middle chart). Unless the unsmoothed index relapses in January, the sequence of declines in the smoothed index should then be interrupted. However this improvement is likely to prove temporary, as it might have resulted from buyers rushing to avoid the new bylaws on qualification for an uninsured mortgage (implemented in January 2018). This view is supported by the increase in Toronto home sales in November and December compared to previous months (bottom chart). Therefore, a resumption of the downward price trend early this year cannot be excluded.

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201712 TNB monthly commentary

Post Category: News and Press Releases
December 13, 2017
Toronto unsmoothed HPI rose in November

FACTS: The Teranet–National Bank Composite National
House Price IndexTM dropped 0.5% in November, a third monthly
decline in a row. The index fell in four of the 11 constituents
cities: Toronto (-1.4% – a fourth consecutive decline in the
largest real estate market in Canada), Hamilton (-1.6%),
Ottawa-Gatineau (-0.8%) and Edmonton (-0.7%). The indexes
were stable in Vancouver and Victoria. They rose in Montreal
(+1.0%), Quebec City (+0.9%), Halifax (+0.8%), Calgary (+0.7%)
and Winnipeg (+0.5%). On a y/y basis, the Composite index
rose 9.2%, a fourth softer reading in a row following the
record gains of 14.2% in both June and July, and the lowest
since June 2016. November’s y/y rise was led by Victoria
(+14.0%), Vancouver (+13.5%), Hamilton (+12.3%) and Toronto
(+10.6%). The 12-month advance was much smaller in
Montreal (+6.7%), Ottawa-Gatineau (+4.9%), Halifax (+2.1%),
Calgary (+1.8%), Quebec City (+1.0%) and Edmonton (+0.2%).
See charts on next page.

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Nov 2017 TNB Commentary

Post Category: News and Press Releases
September 13, 2017
Economic News | Teranet-National Bank House Price Index: Negative print for Toronto index in August

OPINION: The recent loosening of the Toronto home resale market translated into Toronto’s HPI dropping in August. In fact, Toronto’s unsmoothed index (see note on methodology next page), which had already dropped in July, fell 4.2% in August (top chart). That being said, Toronto active-listings-to-sales ratio, an indicator of market conditions, turned from being very tight early in the year to indicating a balanced market in August (at 2.5, its value was in line with its long-term average – middle chart). This should limit the potential for further price correction in the Queen City. Yet more price declines cannot be ruled out given the expected tightening of qualification rules for uninsured mortgages and interest rate increases. These factors are expected to have the most impact on prices in markets where homes are the most expensive (Toronto and Vancouver). We expect home prices to be more resilient in other markets, such as Montreal which has been hot this summer (bottom chart).

Post Category: News and Press Releases
August 14, 2017
Economic News | Teranet – National Bank House Price Index: National index still rising in July

OPINION: The recent loosening of the Toronto home resale market was clearly felt on Toronto’s (unsmoothed) subindex for dwellings other than condos, which declined 1.6% from June. Moreover, after seasonal adjustment, this subindex declined 2.2% (see middle table). Based on a survey of real estate boards that we conducted earlier this month, home sales declined on a y/y basis in July in most large Canadian cities west of Ottawa. If that trend persists, home price growth might decelerate in these regions. That being said, home resale markets are rather hot this summer in Montreal (bottom chart) and Ottawa-Gatineau, two areas where the Teranet-National Bank Home Price Index was at a record level in July. Home resale markets have also improved markedly of late in the Maritime Provinces. So, pressure on home price growth that might result from rising interest rates and regulation changes are likely to not affect regional markets evenly. Downward pressure is likely to be more acute in regions where affordability has been eroded by past price escalation, while home prices should be more resilient in regions where homes are more affordable.

For further information about upcoming reports, please contact:

Kan Zhu
Leader, Data & Advisory Solutions
Teranet Inc.
Phone: 416-360-8863 x 2270
Michael Pertsis
Director, Mortgage Derivatives
National Bank Financial
Phone: 416.869.7124